長號

長號又叫做「伸縮號」,就像它的名稱一樣,樂器它看起來長長的。而伸縮號的名稱由來是因演奏的時候,需要把它的滑管拉長或縮短,所以叫做伸縮號。在歐洲國家,因為它圓潤的音色,所以常見用於宗教音樂裡。尤其在貝多芬的名曲《第5號交響曲》中運用長號之後,它已成為管弦樂團中的主要樂器。

About Trombone

Trombone is a brass family member that players use its telescoping slide

(called hand slide) to change to total length and then reach different harmonic series. By adjusting player’s lips and hand slide, players are able to play each note. Trombone sounds mellow, so it is often seen in religious and orchestral music.

 

遠古時期:猶大、埃及、希臘等地方就以大型的小喇叭演奏,但管子是直的,與現在彎曲的不同。
~B.C.:Trombone was determined a large size of trumpet (bugle) and made from a long, straight unbent tube.


西元100年:被當成小喇叭的低音部樂器。
100 A.D.:Trombone worked as the bass part of trumpet.


西元700年:發展成S字型彎曲管,並且發明了伸縮的機能,能夠自由自在的奏出半音階。

700 A.D.:Telescoping slide and bent tube systems were developed, players can reach each note.


西元1520年左右:德國紐倫堡的演奏家設計出現在所使用的伸縮喇叭型體。

1520 A.D.:Modern trombone was basically developed by a trombonist in Germany.


十六世紀-十七世紀:作為伴奏用管樂器。

1500 ~ 1699 A.D.:Trombone was mainly for accompaniment.


十九世紀後:發明加入活塞。

1900 ~ 1999 A.D.:Valve trombone was developed.

 

 

 

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