DSC00259 - 複製

軍號是構造最單純的銅管樂器之一。英文名Bugle來自拉丁文的buculus,意指「牛角」。從字面上推測,軍號所使用的材料,早期來自動物頭上的角。

吹奏就像其他銅管樂器一樣,由吹奏者送氣,通過嘴唇振動發聲,藉由樂器主體產生共鳴、擴大音量。

軍號較少人提起,但有一種名為「富魯格號」(Flugelhorn)的銅管樂器常被提論,而它可視為軍號的延伸。富魯格號和一般小號相同,都有三個按鍵,但是它的音色較柔軟、寬闊,音域上接近法國號,但是音色又比法國號直接,他們大多擔任獨奏的角色 。

 

About bugle

Bugle (Latin: Buculus) is probably the simplest brass instrument that is similar to ancient trumpets and trombones. Players adjust lips to reach different harmonics and then make a signal or simple music. Thus, bugle is mainly seen in military and some particular occasions. It is said that flugelhorn is bugle’s closed family, both instrument makes mellow, dark and broad sound.

 

十五世紀:歐洲的巡邏人員或軍人,漸漸開始使用類似圓圈狀的號角
1400 ~ 1499A.D.:Bugle, made from animal’s horn, was used for making signal within military.


十八世紀:人們逐漸使用銅、鐵等金屬材質取代牛角,外型逐漸演變成半圓狀,繫上皮革製的繩索讓使用者綁在腰部,方便騎馬或行軍時攜帶。
1700 ~ 1799A.D.:People started using metal materials to make bugle instead of the material from animal.


十九世紀:軍號的外型再度改變,成為今日常見的橢圓狀,英國輕步兵的代表徽章就是軍號的造型。

1900 ~ 1999A.D.:Modern bugle was developed.

 

 

 

Tagged Under