11219083 693643960737170 213858787721640047 n

小號音域廣、攜帶方便、入門門檻低、維修消耗費用少...是銅管樂器最具代表性的一份子,也是早期有些作曲家使用的樂器之一。許多人到我們工廠來參觀還常以為我們也是做薩克斯風的工廠。其實薩克斯風、黑管(豎笛)、長笛...等歸屬於木管樂器。

薩克斯風近幾十年來由於媒體競相的介紹報導,加上台中后里地方的大力推廣,已經蔚為人人學習組團表演的風潮。不過相對的銅管樂器反而漸漸地乏人問津,只有在學校或軍隊的樂隊和台上表演的樂團才看得到。因此,卡羅爾銅管樂器觀光工廠將以此為推廣目標,希望人人簡單易學推廣到城鄉每個角落,讓台灣成為音樂文化大國。

 

About Trumpet

Trumpet, the highest register member of brass family, consists of several essential parts like mouthpipe, valves, tuning slides and bell. Trumpet is one of the most flexible musical instruments and can be easily found in different themes of music such as classic, jazz, each orchestra, wind ensemble, brass band and pop music.

 

1400年:法老的貢禮清單中,記載著40支鑲有寶石的金製喇叭。
1400 B.C.:40 pcs of trumpet were listed on the tribute list for Tutankhamun. Jewelry were mounted on these trumpets.


1352年:古埃及法老王陵墓中,發掘到一個銀製喇叭。
1352 B.C.:A silver trumpet was discovered in Tutankhamun’s grave.


1000年:而在丹麥煤田中,挖掘到一個銅製喇叭。

1000 B.C.:A trumpet was discovered in a coalfield in Denmark.


2世紀:埃及出現最原始型小號,其燦爛的音色,通常都與華麗壯觀的儀式典禮、皇室貴族結合在一起。

200 A.D.:Trumpets were used for ceremony held by royalty.


9世紀:已開始使用金屬製小號,其象徵勝利、凱旋、威武、莊嚴。所以,受貴族階級所喜愛;甚至於每一位貴族,都有代表其身分不同的喇叭訊號曲。

900 A.D.:Trumpets were used to play signals for aristocrats. Each aristocrat has owned signals in order to distinguish with others.


14世紀:發展自然小號的型態,一個平面圓柱型的口沒有任何邊洞、變音管、伸縮管和活門。所謂「自然」是因為管身沒有活塞或音孔改變音高,完全靠吹奏者的嘴型變化吹出不同的聲音。由於早期有這種限制,多半只用於軍隊或慶典中。

1400 A.D.:Trumpet, was mainly used in military and ceremony for making signals and simple music.


17世紀:開始使用在古典音樂方面。

1600 ~ 1699 A.D:Trumpet appeared in few pieces of classic music.


1638年:方替尼(fantini)小號學習與演奏法。

1638 A.D.:Girolamo Fantini’s Trumpet Method was developed.


17世紀末:常用在歌劇、清唱劇,當作軍隊的背景音樂或勝利的歡呼。為了演奏高音域,全音階形式的泛音開始發展。

1690 ~ 1699A.D.:Trumpet was used for dramas and military signal and simple music. Players tried to reach different harmonics.


18世紀:自然小號的最高峰。產生許多克服小號音域限制的辦法,如:巴哈時代變音管-增加管的長度,也就是在吹嘴與管身之間加入「變音管」,增加管長以降低音高。

1700 ~ 1799 A.D.:Tuning slides were developed. People use tuning slides to adjust the total length of trumpet, then reach different harmonic series.


18世紀末:重大改革-出現邊洞和伸縮器(伸縮器常用於長號上,根據資料,伸縮器是為延長吹口的一部份,可以拉起,使所有的自然音階空隙填滿)。

1790-1799 A.D.:People started use holes and tunable pipe to reach different harmonic series.


1801年:小號手懷丁格(Anton Weidinger)發明有鍵小號,但後來放棄,因會產生不清晰的聲音。

1801 A.D.:Anton Weidinger developed the first 5-keyed trumpet, but found it difficult to make clear sound.


1814年:海德(John Hyde)改善U型上圈成為活動的伸縮器,利用彈簧使它回到正確的位置。

1814 A.D.:John Hyde made the new keyed trumpet by applying new design on it.


1827年:德國出現活塞小號(取代19世紀的小號)。音色明亮富變化,可以吹奏快速且富旋律性的樂句,音程準確,高音域聽起來不費力。建立小號在管絃樂中的地位。

1827 A.D.:Perinet trumpet (piston valves) appeared in Germany. Piston valves makes trumpet easier to play different harmonic series and keep in tune, trumpet became significant within orchestras and wind ensembles.


20世紀:在爵士樂中,路易斯阿姆斯壯(Louis Armstrong)開創了許多的演奏技術。

1900 - 1999A.D.:Jazz music becomes popular around the world. Louis Armstrong is probably the most important jazz player in 20th Century.

 

 

 

 

Tagged Under