管樂知識

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小號音域廣、攜帶方便、入門門檻低、維修消耗費用少...是銅管樂器最具代表性的一份子,也是早期有些作曲家使用的樂器之一。許多人到我們工廠來參觀還常以為我們也是做薩克斯風的工廠。其實薩克斯風、黑管(豎笛)、長笛...等歸屬於木管樂器。

薩克斯風近幾十年來由於媒體競相的介紹報導,加上台中后里地方的大力推廣,已經蔚為人人學習組團表演的風潮。不過相對的銅管樂器反而漸漸地乏人問津,只有在學校或軍隊的樂隊和台上表演的樂團才看得到。因此,卡羅爾銅管樂器觀光工廠將以此為推廣目標,希望人人簡單易學推廣到城鄉每個角落,讓台灣成為音樂文化大國。

 

About Trumpet

Trumpet, the highest register member of brass family, consists of several essential parts like mouthpipe, valves, tuning slides and bell. Trumpet is one of the most flexible musical instruments and can be easily found in different themes of music such as classic, jazz, each orchestra, wind ensemble, brass band and pop music.

短號

短號是一種降B調樂器,與小號同音高。短號的發音管比小號粗而短,聲音略比小號寬而柔和、音色明亮飽滿且音域寬廣。演奏技巧,短號與小號雷同。其特色因為短號的長度較短,重心較近身體,所以適合小朋友學習。

About Cornet

Cornet is quite similar to trumpet, but the sound of cornet is a bit wider and warmer. Cornet’s size is more compact than trumpet, so it is said that cornet is better entry instruments for young age players. Cornet is the most important instruments within British brass bands.

長號

長號又叫做「伸縮號」,就像它的名稱一樣,樂器它看起來長長的。而伸縮號的名稱由來是因演奏的時候,需要把它的滑管拉長或縮短,所以叫做伸縮號。在歐洲國家,因為它圓潤的音色,所以常見用於宗教音樂裡。尤其在貝多芬的名曲《第5號交響曲》中運用長號之後,它已成為管弦樂團中的主要樂器。

About Trombone

Trombone is a brass family member that players use its telescoping slide

(called hand slide) to change to total length and then reach different harmonic series. By adjusting player’s lips and hand slide, players are able to play each note. Trombone sounds mellow, so it is often seen in religious and orchestral music.

DSC00259 - 複製

軍號是構造最單純的銅管樂器之一。英文名Bugle來自拉丁文的buculus,意指「牛角」。從字面上推測,軍號所使用的材料,早期來自動物頭上的角。

吹奏就像其他銅管樂器一樣,由吹奏者送氣,通過嘴唇振動發聲,藉由樂器主體產生共鳴、擴大音量。

軍號較少人提起,但有一種名為「富魯格號」(Flugelhorn)的銅管樂器常被提論,而它可視為軍號的延伸。富魯格號和一般小號相同,都有三個按鍵,但是它的音色較柔軟、寬闊,音域上接近法國號,但是音色又比法國號直接,他們大多擔任獨奏的角色 。

 

About bugle

Bugle (Latin: Buculus) is probably the simplest brass instrument that is similar to ancient trumpets and trombones. Players adjust lips to reach different harmonics and then make a signal or simple music. Thus, bugle is mainly seen in military and some particular occasions. It is said that flugelhorn is bugle’s closed family, both instrument makes mellow, dark and broad sound.

吹嘴1

多數銅管樂器都配合可拆卸式的吹嘴,吹嘴的形狀或尺寸各有不同,並依據吹奏者的運唇方式而有不同的音色變化。

常見的吹嘴有以下兩種類型:
-杯狀吹嘴
杯狀吹嘴為大多數銅管樂器所使用的類型,越低音的樂器所使用之尺寸相對越大,所吹奏出來的音色較為暗沉。

-錐狀吹嘴
錐狀吹嘴為法國號及中音號所使用的類型。但在進行室外演出時,行進圓號通常擔任法國號的角色,所以也會使用錐狀吹嘴。

 

Mouthpieces of Brass Instrument:

Mouthpiece, or called tubular resonator, is a part of brass instrument that places on player’s lips and leads the vibration to instrument body. play an important role within brass instruments. There are numbers of different sizes of mouthpieces which vary the tone of brass instruments, player choose mouthpiece size based on personal preference.

2 types of mouthpieces:

Semi-spherical
This is been used for many brass instruments, such as trumpet, cornet and trombone, etc..

Conical
It is mainly used for French horn and marching French horn.